Agreements Between North And South Korea

On 26 March 2010, the 1500-tonne ROKS Cheonan sank with 104 men off Baengnyeong Island in the Yellow Sea. Seoul said there had been an explosion in the rear and that it was a torpedo attack. Out of 104 sailors, 46 died and 58 were rescued. South Korean President Lee Myung-bak convened an emergency meeting of security agents and ordered the army to focus on rescuing sailors. [72] [73] On 20 May 2010, an international team of researchers published results claiming that the sinking was caused by a North Korean torpedo; North Korea rejected the results. [74] South Korea endorsed the research group`s findings and President Lee Myung-bak went on to say that Seoul would reduce overall trade with North Korea as part of measures aimed primarily at countering North Korea diplomatically and financially. [Citation required] North Korea denied all such allegations and responded by separating relations between the countries and announced that it would repeal the non-aggression agreement. [75] In 1994, concern about North Korea`s nuclear program led to the agreed framework between the United States and North Korea. In 1998, South Korean President Kim Dae-jung announced a policy of sunshine towards North Korea. An inter-Korean summit was held in 2000.

Persistent concerns about the development of nuclear missiles in North Korea led to the 2003 six-party talks, which were attended by North Korea, South Korea, the United States, Russia, China and Japan. [6] However, in 2006, North Korea resumed the missile test and conducted its first nuclear test on 9 October. [7] A second inter-Korean summit was held in 2007. [8] Until 2017, estimates of North Korea`s nuclear arsenal ranged from 15 to 60 bombs, probably hydrogen bombs. Analysts say the Hwasong-15 missile is capable of striking anywhere in the United States. [9] Militarist rhetoric has increased on both sides. [10] In preparation for US President Nixon`s visit to China in 1972, South Korean President Park Chung-hee began discreet contacts with Kim Il-sung of the North. [26] In August 1971, the first Red Cross discussions took place between North and South Korea. [27] Many of the participants were really secret service agents or party officials.

[28] In May 1972, Lee Hu-rak, the director of the Korean CIA, secretly met Kim Il-sung in Pyongyang. Kim apologized for the Blue House robbery and denied accepting it. [29] In return, North Korean Deputy Prime Minister Pak Song-chol made a secret visit to Seoul. [30] The North-South Joint Declaration was made public on July 4, 1972.